Periodontics is the most severe form of so-called periodontal diseases and is usually the result of untreated gingivitis. For it to take place a process is necessary
previous in which the bacterial flora that lodges in the mouth, together with the saliva and other particles form a plaque that adheres to the teeth.
It basically consists of scraping the surfaces of the roots of the teeth made with instruments called curettes. This scraping has the purpose of eliminating the tartar that accumulates on these surfaces and then smoothing them and leaving them free of impurities.
· Periodontal surgery
Periodontal surgery is a necessary treatment in many patients suffering from periodontitis, the chronic phase of gum disease.
· Periodontal surgery to flap
In these interventions, the periodontist removes a piece of tissue from the gum with a scalpel (in technical jargon, “flap”) to eliminate the pouches that have accumulated in what periodontists call periodontal sulcus.
In patients with periodontitis, it is sometimes necessary to remove damaged fragments of the gum in order to access the periodontal pockets. It is a treatment very similar to flap surgery; but the tissue of the gum that moves away does not reintegrate into the patient’s mouth.
It is a surgery to improve the appearance of the gum line of patients suffering from gingival recension; the retraction of the gum. For this, the dentist usually uses small tissue grafts of the palate, and thus rebuild the affected area